During one of the conversations with close friend Carmen, who happens to be a gifted conversationalist, the idea of men wearing skirt came to haunt my imagination. She picked up the idea from some fashion show. Her casual reference to men in skirt made me remind of the famous phrase that there is “method in madness”. If anyone wishes to realize how madness has become a passion in our times, the present age is fittest time to witness the mad show. Just organize a fashion show and introduce horrible sense of dressing as a new passion among youths. No wonder men wearing skirts does not sound amusing. Anything is possible in our times. Overnight we can find “he” emerging as “she” the next day! Now I am wondering what else could follow if men start wearing skirts?
The purpose of fashion shows also defies my sensibilities. Often the trends shown in it are not meant for masses. The dresses exhibited in it are beyond the range of common people. Still we find an unending craze for such fashion shows. Remember the movie “Fashion”? That movie disclosed the harsh realities prevalent in world of fashion. Anyway, I am talking about the craziness existing in our real world, wherein the distinction between men and women is getting reduced with each passing moment, and even in the virtual world with help of Photoshop. The write-up is merely a humorous take on the whole issue.
Notice the fact that wearing “ear rings” by the boys is new craze. My friend endorsed usage of ear rings by boys since that make guys attain a look that attracts females. I feel that in every man there is female essence and in every woman there is some male element. Only today I saw a girl riding a motor bike meant for men. Few days back, I had seen an young girl having two girls pillioned behind her on a slender scooty! That makes it very clear that there is urge in both the sexes to give way to each other’s essence. Has anyone heard “Aake Seedhi Lagi Dil Pe” song from movie Half Ticket? Kishore Kumar has given voice to male and female characters on whom this song has been picturized!! Pran and Kishore Kumar have performed in mind-boggling way in this song. And that’s why this song always makes me smile! In many Indian movies dance sequences have male actors disguised as females. The same has been the case with female actresses as well.
Right now, I am wondering what would follow the skirt? I am sure male bras are next hot item. Please read this excerpt borrowed from news item:
“Japanese men are getting in touch with their feminine side thanks to a new trend in male lingerie.They are hitching up their man boobs (moobs), finding out their cup sizes, and getting into male bras. Akiko is the woman behind this underwear revolution. She started selling the bras online from her Tokyo shop – The Wishroom. She said: ‘I think more and more men are becoming interested in bras.’ “
Now if that’s the case I feel new perceptions would emerge. Now men, like women, would often be found complaining: I found her staring at my assets !!! New harassment laws would also be introduced for men that would take cognizance of men’s complaints, accusing the passers by of indecent gesture !!! I feel that such tactics are very cleverly promoted by market. That makes them sell their products. That’s the reason why “Mardo wali cream” (fairness cream for men) has come in existence and actors like Shah Rukh Khan, having dark complexioned wives, are promoting it. They are making us develop guilt complexes to promote the sale of fairness cream for men!!! Anyway, for me black is beautiful.
I request the likes of Carmen not to create chaos in society by feeling excited about idea of seeing men in skirts. I love women with long hairs. I am sure not many would love to see a woman proclaiming bald is beautiful! Please be traditional, at least, in some matters. Women in long hairs are epitome of sensuality. Unfortunately, it’s age of short cuts. No wonder women love anything from short hairs to short skirts.
I am neither misogynist nor anti-feminist, and not even a Men’s Rights Activist (MRA). Many of my friends working for these organisations feel I should be one like them in a formal way, but being on a different route, I prefer not to identify with any organization, be they ones from spiritual or political background. So it would be useless to measure the worth of author’s views as someone acting as mouthpiece of any organization. Let’s not forget that to come up with entirely different set of facts, a different version of reality not in tune with set patterns, is not bizarre. On the contrary, it’s the result of having viewed the world from close angles! An open mind would certainly realize it. To follow a different route does not make anyone regressive, biased, much less a Talibani with a capacity to issue a fatwa! Ridiculous assertion!
Why should every analyst of our times present a syrupy version of happenings taking place in world of present times women, wherein “every bad thing any man has ever committed highlighted and exaggerated; every bit of good systematically undermined, vilified or ignored”? It’s only that I feel inclined to represent the cause of men, not out sense of any “same gender” feeling but only from justice point of view, which demands that other side should also be heard well. It’s the other side of the fence that I am presenting with total sincerity, different perspective and neutral stance !
कुछ नहीं दिखता था अंधेरे में मगर, आंखें तो थीं,
ये कैसी रोशनी आई कि सब अंधे हो गए।।
(Though we cannot see in dark with our eyes,
It’s strange that we cannot see even as there is light around us)….
Feminism, as a movement, was started in late nineteenth century to demand female rights in society. “At the end of the nineteenth century was that women began to realize that it is unfair for them to be constantly under the power of men simply because the social system has traditionally favored males.” At this point, it’s inappropriate to discuss the impact of this movement in West, but this movement seems to have lost its impact there in modern times. May be because women have gained enough rights there but, in my eyes, it’s because both have realized well that battle of the sexes serves no purpose other than breeding animosity. “To know the road ahead, ask those coming back”.
The Indian women, who have misplaced beliefs that having all the rights ensures better days should, at least, have the guts to critically analyze the impact of such divisive and lethal movement in Western societies. Anyway, it’s better that I confine myself to Indian landscape. It’s better to understand the essential elements of Indian society, viewing it not through the myopic terms coined by the so-called progressive elements, but in a conscious way to tear apart the great game of gender equality. It’s interesting that many arguments have been forwarded to show the worth of female mind. Many love to cite the growing academic excellence of Indian women as one of the parameters to upheld the intellectual superiority of women. However, wisdom and real understanding have nothing to do with academic excellence. Many of the great contributors, in fact, nearly all creative geniuses, were very poor in academic terms plus they were never part of institutionalized structures. I say that not to lessen the importance of academic excellence but to highlight the worth of education offered in Indian schools and universities, which are killing all the good elements which a child possesses.
The Indian society might have so-called patriarchal model but it’s a sheer diabolical myth that it was framed to suppress the position of women, much less, exploit the women. The Indian society has always been women-centered society. The concept like “”Ardhanareeswara”, aimed at equality of women, which ensured that Shiva without female principle “Shakti” means nothing, always made Indian women enjoy dignified position in Indian society. Even in modern Indian Hindu families, having a balanced and sensible approach, the women always gain upper hand in all issues. All important issues have her consent, wherein her views gain as much importance than any male member. Have a look at the marriage vows. They in clear terms ensure that women come to enjoy an equal ground.
Gribhnami te saubhagatvaya hastam mayapatya jardastirayathasah|
Bhagoaryyamma savita purandhiramahyam tvadurgaharpatya devah||
That is – “Oh dear! On this auspicious occasion of our life, I take your hand in mine in the presence of invoked deities. Oh blessed woman! You be with me as a fortunate partner for a very long time. I hand over the control of my family in your hands, discharge your duties joyously.”
It’s a fallacious assertion that men enjoyed privileges in past while the women remained an oppressed lot. “Society is largely constructed for the benefit of women and children and always has been, otherwise it doesn’t survive. …It takes a gigantic lack of imagination (usually the sole province of baby feminists) to believe that women wanted the economic and political involvement they claim now when the demands and risks of these endeavours were as they were then (ancient times)”. The Indian society is also no exception. It’s always portrayed as if women in the past were some sort of domestic slaves, devoid of any sort of right to decide by themselves. Well, such a claim can only be made by people who have not bothered to know Indian society in its entirety. Even the most ancient ladies in Indian history had the right to chose their husbands via a ceremony called Swyamvara. The women were well versed in scriptural knowledge and many among them were qualified scholars.
True, with advent of time many of the glorious traditions (the great spirit which led to their origin) faded away to give way to their corrupt versions. It would not be out of place to mention that practice like dowry was basically the Streedhan to ensure that a woman is “not left wanting anything after the wedding”. The impression of men being unconcerned about the rights of women is quite powerfully projected but lesser known aspect is that men have played an instrumental role in any movement aimed at improvement of women. The greatest example in this category is abolition of Sati Pratha and banning of child marriages. Anyway, the division in labour in Indian society was done by the sages, who played an impartial role while framing laws related with basic structure of Indian society. It favoured none.
Had Indian society been truly patriarchal in nature, as suggested by new age scholars, it would have never led to emergence of bold Indian women who always played equal role in Indian society. Be they queens of ancient era, or the women freedom fighters of pre-Independence era, the Indian women played a significant role. It would not have been possible had women been denied the right to make choices. The modern Indian society is facing new set of complexities but the solution is not devaluation of ancient practices. The empowerment of Indian women does not mean women be entitled to make arbitrary choices on the grounds that men also did the same! In fact, it presupposes that men enjoyed unlimited freedom of all sorts. It’s totally false and erroneous notion. Their choices were also determined by the prescribed rules, keeping in mind the interests of women and children. Let’s be clear that the empowerment of women does not mean to give way to propaganda that “women alone have sufferings and women alone have problems in life”.
At present, the situation has become pretty confusing and dangerous for the growth of Indian society. The men are being repeatedly portrayed as abusers, leading to anti-family and anti-marriage laws. Indeed, there are problems related with Indian women but then effective measures in form of stringent laws are already there to take note of them. There are many institutions to take care of plight of women, whose recommendations have led to new rules, fresh amendments and etc. in form of Domestic Violence Act, Dowry Act and Maintenance Act, to name a few. In Vishaka v. State of Rajasthan, the Supreme Court of India in 1997 laid down the guidelines to ensure that sexual harassment at the workplace does not take place, which resulted in framing of the “The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2012″. The problems pertaining to women are being systematically dealt with, and much of the problems have not arisen out of lack of concern for the cause of women in Indian society, but because of lack of effective implementation. So it’s really shrewd to suggest that patriarchal society favours men!
Let’s understand that in name of personal freedom and personal choices one cannot give way to lifestyle which ensures conflicts and dilemmas of disturbing nature. A choice has to be in league with prevalent norms and customs. Or else, women need to effectively satisfy that their choices would not lead to turbulent state of affairs. There is nothing like absolute freedom. She has to convince what would be the state of affairs in such a society, which allows women unrestricted freedom in name of personal choices? That’s because, if there comes no plausible explanation, and still we went in for such a society, it would be hard to wipe out the new set of complexities. That’s the case in other parts of the hemisphere. To see the resistance offered by men, or by the people belonging to old order of living patterns as an attempt to hold back the privileges enjoyed in the patriarchal set-up is not the right interpretation. It’s also not fear to lose the power or monopoly. On the contrary, it’s an attempt to prevent the citadels of society from crumbling down.
It’s simply not issue of having choices/making choices in free manner; it’s more about long term consequences of having choices, which indicate the high probability of single women, pills, abortions, extra-marital relations, same-sex relations, stress-related burdens, broken families, deviant kids and etc.? What about the dangerous interference in the evolutionary process, wherein for ages men played the role of protector and women the role of nurturing the kids? With this kind of perverted “role reversal”, are’t we on the wrong track? One of my friends, during gender related conversation, referring to Sunita Williams ( as if only after that Indian women learnt the art to make exceptional choices) stated that she did not have kids for the sake of work! It would be suffice to say that if all women made such a choice, it would not be hard to imagine the fate of evolution of human species! However, this is classic example of selective approach, wherein a woman seeks benefits of traditional society when she feels trapped by her weaknesses but she is absolutely modern when it comes to making choices and rights. That’s paradox at its best since.
After all, it involves taming of the men species to ensure that inequality gets reduced! That has begun in a cruel fashion. Men are now supposed to do something which is never their strength, and a retaliatory gesture on their part is enough to get them the tag of being an abuser and an oppressor! Who will bear the consequences of ”placing men and women in a conflicting role and creating confusion in values”? But that’s still not as ominous as an attempt to create a society which denies even the right to protest on part of men. ”Under cover of the notion of chivalry, as understood by Modern Feminism, Political and Sentimental Feminists alike would deprive men of the most elementary rights of self-defence against women and would exonerate the latter practically from all punishment for the most dastardly crimes against men. They know they can rely upon the support of the sentimental section of public opinion with some such parrot cry of: “Treat a woman in this way!”/ “What! Hit a woman!”.
It’s interesting that women learnt to move out of their houses, refusing to remain confined to prison like state of affairs within the home, and began to notice that world outside is a different affair altogether. It missed the “having all the pleasure factor” which they had assumed prevailed in men’s life as they began to venture outside. The world would remain a hell’s replica and it would not going to change whether women remains inside the home or moves outside, fulfilling their aspirations and dreams in fullest manner. However, having said that, let’s make the world safer and better for the women community. Nobody said that problems pertaining to women’s life, be they of any type, sexual assault, low wages, discrimination, should be ignored.
What I wish to suggest is that while dealing with women’s issues, the gender politics should not get mixed with the reforms. An attempt to distort the intimate relationship with men and women should not become the prime motive in guise of welfare. Sadly, that’s how one feels while analyzing the current state of affairs, wherein right from biological facts, psychological facts and legal truths, all are being selectively quoted, or quoted in perverted manner to suit the vested interests acting as agents of change in world of women.
That’s why all conscious souls, interested in right developments, should become alert when “there is no distinction between potential and probability. An allegation suffices for proof. Hearsay is taken for gospel.” (Charles E. Corry). Rohan, Men’s Rights activist, Bangalore, conveys the same sentiments in a different way: ” Women have the right to be seated when in a bus or in a train. They have the right to 50% reservation in govt. jobs and academics. They have the right to claim alimony and maintenance, even in a live-in relationship. They have only rights and men only have duties. This is called equality, according to feminazis.”
Precisely, it’s for the very same reason it has become need of the hour to present the happenings taking place in world of men in an aggressive and conscious manner. The happier side of the movements aimed to improve the life of women has been “demolition of the idea that women are inherently nice”. The thing that’s now taking place is that discrimination and abuse stories related with women are being presented both in right and wrong way, with help of paid media. Facts, right and wrong, are flowing thick and past to show that how women have been underprivileged and suppressed lot. No one is bothered to check either the authenticity of facts nor the source, forget about probing them from wide angles.
Anyway, since all this is happening in the name of ensuring a better world for women, I am but compelled to endorse them. But with a condition and appeal: Let’s also reveal the true picture of the sufferings, pains, humiliation, torture faced by men side-by-side the stories which talk about sufferings of women, with the same honesty and intensity! That alone will bring the true story, true picture. At present, we are witnessing with abuse stories related with women only. That’s unfair to hear/see only one side in any story and jump to flawed conclusions applicable to totality.
Why such a wish irks those concerned with rights of women? Will society be a better place only if you enable the women to have all the rights? Why shouldn’t the rights of men be discussed in the same breath? Why should not adequate attention be paid to silent sufferings of men? It leaves me aghast that tragedies, stories of discrimination associated with men, their precarious state of affairs being involved in hazardous and tough activities and regular interaction with dilemmas and ironies of peculiar type are being talked about in matter-of-fact tones. Worse, any attempt to bring the truth get checkmated by giving the impression that since men are about to lose the power, lose the privileges, these are reactionary backlash. That’s an absurd and fleeting observation. The right interpretation is that men have now begun to get organized to make “gender equality” attain a right shape, a right balance, a right proportion. And this would never stop.
P.S.: Many thanks to my friend, Rohan, whose views I have borrowed from the conversation we had on Instablogs on one of my posts having the same theme. He is Men’s Rights Activist hailing from Bangalore.
Society Always Tilted Towards Women
सच बोलने या सही बोलने वाले को दुनिया ने हमेशा तमाम तरीके की बौड़म उपाधियाँ दी है। सो लेबल की परवाह मुझे नहीं है। उस अवस्था से ऊपर उठ गया हूँ जहाँ लोगो को दुनियाई तमगो की चिंता होती है। कुछ तीव्रता से महसूस करना और फिर भी खामोश रह जाना एक प्रकार का बौद्धिक जुर्म है, बौद्धिक धोखा है। कम से कम ये मेरा तरीका नहीं है। स्त्रियों का मै सम्मान करता हूँ मगर इसका ये मतलब नहीं है कि उनके आचरण से जुड़े गलत तौर तरीको पर आपत्ति न उठाऊं। हर संवेदनशील व्यक्ति को समय रहते स्त्रियों को उनके आपत्तिज़नक आचरण के लिए सचेत करते रहना चाहिये इस बात की परवाह किये बिना कि इसका उन्हें खामियाज़ा भुगतना पड़ सकता है। कम से कम ये बेहतर है इससें कि आप व्यर्थ के आंसू टपकायें कुछ गलत हो जाने के बाद उसी गलत आचरण की वजह से। ये अलग बात है कि हम कदम तभी उठाते है जब सार्थक कदम अपनी अहमियत खो चुके होते है। अब ना तो मुझे इनकी तरह आँसू बहाने का शौक है और ना ही मै इन निष्क्रिय आत्माओ के समूह से में अपने आपको जोड़ सकता हूँ जो व्यर्थ ही आँसू बहाने के शौक़ीन है फोकट में।इसलिए तीव्रता से विरोध करता हूँ उस अवस्था से ही जब समस्या अपने प्रारम्भिक चरण में होती है। कम से कम विरोध करना तो मेरे हाथ में ही है। अगर आप मेरा साथ देते है तो अच्छी बात है। नहीं तो मै अकेले ही अपना विरोध तीव्रता से दर्ज करता रहूँगा। जिनको जो उपाधि मुझे देना है वो स्वतंत्र है मुझे देने के लिए।
कभी कभी हमको चीजों को मानवीय दृष्टिकोण से भी समझना चाहिए, एक संवेदनशील दिमाग से भी देखना चाहिए। दिक्कत हमारे साथ ये है कि हम सब चीजों को ओवर इंटेलेक्चुअलआइज़ कर देते है। यही सबसे बड़ी समस्या है रेडिकल फेमिनिस्ट्स के साथ जो औरतो के अधिकारों के लिए लड़ रही है। अब औरतो के पास कुछ तथाकथित अपने पर्सनल अधिकार है पर जो चीज़ इस पर्सनल राइट्स के मिलने के बाद आयी कि पुरुषो के साथ परस्पर माधुर्य से जुड़े सम्बन्ध बनाने की काबिलियत का लोप हो गया। इसीलिए मुझे जो साधारण स्तर पर विचरणने वाले स्त्री पुरुष है वो ज्यादा जीवन का रस लेने वाले है बजाय दोहरी ज़िन्दगी, उलझाव भरी ज़िन्दगी जीने वाले ये अधिकारों की लडाई लड़ते स्त्री और पुरुष।
(अपने अभिन्न मित्र घनश्याम दास, मेडिकल प्रैक्टिसनर है, यूनाइटेड अरब अमीरात, जी से कहे हुए शब्द एक विचार विमर्श के दौरान सोशल नेटवर्किंग साईट पर)
दिल्ली में हादसे के बाद अचानक से दुष्कर्म सम्बन्धी कानून को सख्त कर देने की जरूरत पड़ने लगी है। फ़ास्ट ट्रैक कोर्ट स्थापित किये जा रहे है। उम्मीद है इन कदमो से शायद इस तरह के हादसों में कमी आ जाए। ये हमारे यहाँ कि बिडम्बना है कि हर सुधार के लिए हम न्यायालय का मुंह ताकते है। अपनी जिम्मेदारी का कुछ भी भान नहीं रहता और ना ही हम किसी मुद्दे के तह में जाकर गंभीर विश्लेषण कर के कोई कदम उठाते है। सिर्फ सरसरी आकलन के बाद कुछ तुरंत ही कदम उठा लिए जाते है। जैसा कि इस वीभत्स हादसे के बाद हुआ। लेकिन मुझे नहीं लगता कि जहा बात मानसिकता के परिवर्तन की हो वहा कानून बना देने से कोई विशेष फर्क पड़ेगा। खासकर उस देश में जहा पे न्याय या तो किताबो में सिमट के रह गया है या उनके हिसाब से होता है जिनके पास पैसा और पावर दोनों हो। फिर कानून की पेचदगी से उपजने वाली समस्या तो खैर अपनी जगह है ही।
बेहतर तो ये होता कि कानून को सख्त करने के ही साथ इस बात पर भी विचार किया जाता कि ये समस्या उपजी ही क्यों। लेकिन मुद्दा “हैंग द रेपिस्ट्स ” या महिलाओ की बेहतर सुरक्षा तक ही जा अटका। मतलब कि अगर पुरुष का सर कोई काट कर फ़ेंक दे तो वो सहज है, गंभीर मुद्दा नहीं है, मगर स्त्री का सर काट कर फ़ेंक दे तो वो गंभीर मुद्दा है और सुरक्षा तंत्र महिलाओ की बेहतर सुरक्षा कर पाने में नाकाम रहा है। जब तुरंत कदम उठाये जाते है तो बात सिर्फ सीमित दायरों में से ही उभर कर आती है। जैसा कि इस मामले में हुआ। चर्चा स्त्री अधिकारों से उभर कर, स्त्रियों की सुरक्षा तक ही सीमित रहा। ऐसा नहीं कि इन सीमित कदमों का लाभ नहीं होगा। होगा जरूर पर वो सीमित ही रहेगा।
खैर दुष्कर्म मेरी नज़रों में सेक्सुअलिटी की विकृत समझ से ज्यादा उपजा है बजाय नारीवाद की इस समझ से कि ये पुरुष की अधिकार भावना मतलब पावर का विकृत स्वरूप है। क्योकि सत्ता का विकृत स्वरुप हर जगह मौजूद है और यहाँ भी है। इसको विशेष चश्मे से देखने की जरूरत नहीं। जुर्म जब कभी होता है तो जेंडर देख कर नहीं होता। जुर्म को जुर्म की परिभाषाओ के दायरे में ही समझना चाहिए। ये सीधी सी बात प्रायोजित फेमिनिस्ट वर्ग समूह को समझ में नहीं आती। इसमें कोई पितृसत्तात्मक नाम का जिन्न ढूढने की जरूरत नहीं। दुष्कर्म एक विशेष प्रकार का जुर्म है जिसके तह में कोई साधरण कारण नहीं कि आपने कानून सख्त किया नहीं कि सब कुछ ठीक हो गया। जिस तरह के कदम उठायें जा रहे है वो बिल्कुल आधुनिक चिकित्सा पद्धति कि तरह है जिसमे तुरंत आराम तो मिल जाता है पर रोग जड़ से नहीं जाता है।
इस तरह के सेक्सुअल डिसऑर्डर्स को दूर करने के लिए हमे भारतीय समाज में व्याप्त ढोंग और विरोधाभासो को बहुत सूक्ष्म रूप से समझना पड़ेगा। सिर्फ बात बात पे कानून का चाबुक चला देने से बात नहीं बनेगी। ये हमको समझना पड़ेगा कि प्राचीन काल का भारत समय के प्रवाह में बहते बहते उस मोड़ पे आ गया है कि जहा आधुनिक समाज में फैले तथाकथित नए तौर तरीके उसके सामने मुंह बाए खड़े है। क्या विकल्प है हमारे पास? इनको पकडे कि छोड़ कर आगे बढ़े? आज का आधुनिक भारत कुछ तो नीति निर्माताओं की गलती के कारण और युग के परिवर्तन चक्र के कारण द्वंद्ध का अखाड़ा बन गया है। ये जुर्म उसी द्वंद्ध से गुत्थम गुत्था का दुष्परिणाम है। वैसे भारतीय समाज हमेशा की तरह ऐसे वैचारिक द्वंद्ध को पचाकर आगे बढ़ जाएगा ऐसा मेरा यकीन है पर अभी तो द्वंद विकृत स्वरूप है। इस समय के भारत के दो स्वरूप है जहा एक ओर तो अधिकारों और मूलभूत जरूरतों से मरहूम लोगो की दुनिया है जहा प्रसव पीड़ा से ग्रसित स्त्री को कई मील चल कर डिलीवरी करनी पड़ती है, एक आदमी को जरा सा काम कराने के लिए कई लोगो के आगे विवश होना पड़ता है तो दूसरी ओर नयी जनरेशन के लोग है जिनको बस जल्दी से पढ़ कर या बिना पढ़े नोट कमाने की धुन है नयी कार और खूबसूरत बीवी के साए में। इनको एथिक्स से ज्यादा कुछ लेना नहीं क्योकि आँखों में इनके स्वार्थ की धुंध हमेशा छाई रहती है।
नीति निर्माता जो ये सख्त कानून बना कर दुष्कर्म रोक देने का ख्वाब देख रहे है ग्रामीण भाषा में कहे तो लंठनमति बुद्धि की परिचायक है। लंठनमति बुद्धि से अभिप्राय काठ के उल्लुओं से है। जब आपने ग्लोबल संस्कृति के लिए द्वार खोल दिया है तो सिर्फ उपभोग के सामान जिसमे शैम्पू से लेकर सेंट तक है तो सिर्फ सामान ही नहीं बल्कि एक ख़ास प्रकार के मूल्यों का भी प्रवाह होगा। आपने सामान तो खरीदा ही पर साथ में कुछ सूक्ष्म विकृत मूल्य भी आप लेकर चले आये जिसको तो आप ना अपना पा रहे है और ना ही तज पा रहे है। इसको आपने इग्नोर किया जिसका दुष्परिणाम आप आज देख रहे है।इसको स्त्री पुरुष के अधिकार संघर्ष के आइने में देखने के बजाय सेक्सुअल भावनाओ को सही दिशा देने का मामला है। लेकिन हो ठीक उल्टा रहा है। जहा पे पुरुष तो ट्रैक से भटके हुए ही थें स्त्री ने भी राह अपना ली जहा देह से परे उसके कुछ भी नहीं। जहा उसे अपने को सेक्स ऑब्जेक्ट में परवर्तित होता हुआ स्वरूप अपना एक मूलभूत अधिकार सरीखा बन गया है। सो इस देश में बच्चे से लेकर स्त्री तक सब ने अपने अधिकारों की अजीब सी परिभाषायें गढ़ ली है और सब उसे अपनी तरह से जस्टिफाय कर रहे है। और कुछ नहीं कर और समझ रहे है तो वो ये कि आपके अपने कर्त्तव्य क्या है या आपको कौन से बेहतर त्याग करने है समाज को बेहतर रूख देने के लिए। सब के सब अपने क्षुद्र सीमाओ में सीना फुला कर जी रहे है। अपने सीमित सफ़लताओ-असफलताओ को ढ़ोते तोपची बने फिर रहे है।
तो एक तरफ “लौंडिया मिस काल से पट रही है” और दूसरी तरफ़ अगर आप के पास ख़ास तरह का मोबाईल है तो वो आपकी मर्दानगी का सिम्बल है और इसके एवज में आप एक खूबसूरत स्त्री से छुट्टे पैसे के नहीं बल्कि कॉन्डोम के हकदार है। तो एक तरफ इस प्रकार का भारत है, इस तरह का समाज है जहा इस तरह के बोल्ड दृश्य विद्यमान है। एक तरफ वो संस्कृति है जिसमे बॉयफ्रेंड/गर्लफ्रेंड आम बात होते हुए भी ऑनर किल्लिंग्स होती है, चमकते घरो में भी भ्रूण हत्या होती है, हर तरह के अपकर्म होते है। लेकिन इसके परे एक भारत और भी है जहा आम स्त्री पुरुष, वास्तविक धरातल पर जीते हुए हर तरह का संघर्ष कर रहे है। इनके पास बनावटी अधिकार चेतना का विमर्श नहीं बल्कि इनके अपने साधारण से ख्वाब है, साधारण सी जद्दोजहद है। और तकलीफ की बात है इनके बारे में कोई बात नहीं करता। जबकि सारी सरकारी नीतियों का ये दुष्परिणाम ये चुपचाप झेलते है। ख़ास वर्ग से आती समस्यायों को भी यही वर्ग झेल रहा है चाहे वो किसी अमीरजादे की गाडी के नीचे आकर कुचल जाने का मामला हो, किसी के हवस का शिकार बन जाना हो, या जरूरी वस्तुओ के आसमान छूने के कारण आभाव में जीने का दुःख हो, ये सब एक बड़े माध्यम वर्ग- आम लोगो का निरीह समूह- की किस्मत बन गयी है। कडुवी सच्चाई यही है कि इनके बारे में कोई बात नहीं करता है पर इनका इस्तेमाल करके आगे जरूर बढ़ जाता है।
उम्मीद है इन पे भी विचार करके देश को सार्थक दिशा देने का प्रयास किया जाएगा। इनकी भी किस्मत संवारने का सार्थक प्रयास किया जाएगा ग्लोबल भारत में जहा हर प्रकार के जायज़-नाजायज़ अधिकारों के साथ बहुत से संघर्ष चल रहे है। इस अंतर्द्वंद में इस उपेक्षित वर्ग, आम पुरुषो।औरतो का समूह, की भी बात सुनी जायेगी जिनके बल पर देश टिका हुआ है।
हम भारतीयों का तीज त्योहारों से लगता है जी नहीं भरता है तभी तो एक दो कौड़ी के शख्स के मरने पर इतनी ख़ुशी व्याप्त है जैसे सिकंदर को विश्व विजय पर भी न हुई होगी। उस पर ये फटीचर भारतीय मेनस्ट्रीम मीडिया, जिसमे हिंदी के अखबार तो प्रमुख रूप से शामिल है, इस खबर को ऐसे कैश कर रहे है, जो कि इनकी आदत है, जैसे प्रधानमन्त्री मनमोहन सिंह ने चुप्पी तोड़कर दमदार आवाज में बोलना प्रारंभ कर दिया हो। क्यों हम व्यर्थ के खुश होने के आदी हो चुके है। खुश होने के बजाय हमे पूरे प्रकरण को बहुत ही गंभीरता और सूक्ष्मता से समझने की जरूरत है। हमे उस तरह से इस को सनसनीखेज तरीके से नहीं समझना चाहिए जैसा कि मेनस्ट्रीम मीडिया चाहता है कि हम समझे। आप देखे कि मेनस्ट्रीम मीडिया इस खबर को, खासकर हिंदी के अख़बार जो ग्रामीण परिवेश में ज्यादा पढ़े जाते है, इस खबर को मुख्य पृष्ठ पर इस तरह छापा है जैसे कि बैराक ओबामा ने लादेन को ढूंढकर मार डालने वाली कारवाई की थी अपने निगरानी में।
लेकिन यहाँ ऐसा कुछ नहीं था। बल्कि एक लचर न्यायिक प्रक्रिया के चलते एक ऐसे आदमी को जिसको चार साल पहले ही मर जाना चाहिए था को फांसी चार साल बाद हुई। इस चार साल में न जाने कितना सरकारी पैसा इसको खिलाने पिलाने और इसकी तगड़ी सुरक्षा व्यस्था में खर्च हुआ होगा जो कुछ और नहीं आप और हमसे लिया गया टैक्स था। लेकिन दर्शाया ये जा रहा है जैसे कांग्रेस सरकार कितनी प्रतिबद्ध है आतंकवाद के खात्मे के प्रति कि उसके लगभग हर मोर्चे पे नाकाम प्रधानमंत्री ने कोई बहुत बढ़ी फतह हासिल कर ली हो। अगर इतनी ही प्रतिबद्ध है तो अफज़ल को इसके पहले मर जाना चाहिए था, हमारी सुरक्षा व्यवस्था को पहले से और सुदृढ़ किया जा चूका होता पर हमारा सुरक्षा तंत्र आज भी उतना ही लचर है जितना बम्बई पर हमले के समय था। आम आदमी उतना ही डरा, सहमा है और आतंकी निशाने पे उसी तरह है जैसा कि पहले था। तो ये हम खुश किस बात पर हो रहे है?
ये बिका हुआ मीडिया हमें असल मुद्दों से हटाकर गुमराह कर रहा है। आपको स्वीट पाइजन देकर इन भ्रामक खबरों के जरिये आपसे असल सवालात करने की काबिलियत को छीन रहा है। बाल ठाकरे से हम भले ही नफरत करते हो, मै भी उग्र विचारधारा का होने के कारण समर्थक नहीं हूँ ठाकरे की विचारधारा का, पर उसकी ये बात पते की है कि इन आतंकवादियों को पकड़ो और वही शूट कर दो। जो खुले आम गोली चलाता दिख रहा हो, जिसके चेहरे पर कुटिल मुस्कान थी लोगो को छलनी करते वक्त उसको आपने ट्राइल के जरिये चार साल बाद मारा और वो भी तब जब राष्ट्रपति ने दया याचिका खारिज कर दिया तब। और ये भी तब संभव हुआ जब उज्जवल निकम जैसे वकीलों ने रात दिन एक कर डाला कि कोई बिंदु छूटने न पाए। ये हमारी कमजोरी को दर्शा रहा ना कि हमारी प्रतिबद्धता को। प्रतिबद्धता तब झलकती है जब लादेन को अमेरिका मारता है ढूंढ के बिना किसी ट्राइल के, जब सद्दाम को मारा जाता है अपने कितने सैनिको की कुर्बानी के बाद, जब आप दूसरे के देश में ड्रोन हमले करते है क्योकि इनको मारना आपकी जरुरत बन गयी है, और हमले फिर ना हो आपके यहाँ सुरक्षा तंत्र इतना सख्त हो कि वक्त पड़ने पर दूसरे देश के राजनयिक को भी नंगा करके तलाशी लिया जा सके और कोई कुछ ना कर सके। ये कहलाती है प्रतिबद्धता!
सरकार की प्रतिबद्धता को लगभग चुनौती देते हुएँ लश्करे-ए-तोइबा के कमांडर ने फ़ोन पर एक न्यूज़ एजेंसी को ये बताया कि कसाब उनका हीरो है और भविष्य में ऐसे और हीरो पैदा होंगे। पाकिस्तान में तालिबान मूवमेंट के संचालक को भी गहरा सदमा लगा है कि एक मुसलमान भारत की धरती पर इस तरह हलाक़ हो गया है। और इधर पाकिस्तान की विदेश मंत्री अभी भी इस नौटंकी में लिप्त है कि हमको भारत वो सबूत दे जो कोर्ट में साबित किये जा सके तो हम किसी ठोस कार्यवाही को अंजाम दे। और इधर भारत का कहना है कि हमने तो सब सबूत पहले ही उपलब्ध करा दिया है। इन सब के बीच इमरान खान की पार्टी ने कसाब की मृत्यु को दिल पर लेते हुएं“टेरोरिस्ट” सरबजीत सिंह को तुरंत फांसी पर लटकाने की मांग कर डाली है। ये देखिये पाकिस्तान की आतंकवाद से लड़ने की दृढ़ इच्छाशक्ति का नमूना कि सरबजीत सिंह ”टेरोरिस्ट” है पर कसाब सिर्फ “गनमैन” था। और भारतीय सेक्युलर अखबार द हिन्दू की माने तो भूख और गरीबी से पैदा हुआ बेचारा।
द इकनोमिक टाइम्स में छपे कैबिनेट स्तर के भूतपूर्व भारतीय अधिकारी बी रमन का लेख आतंकवाद से लड़ने के हमारे दावो की पोल खोल के रख देता है।इस वरिष्ठ अधिकारी का कहना है कि हम 26/11 के पहले भी सॉफ्ट स्टेट थें, 26/11 के बाद भी है और कसाब के मृत्यु के बाद भी वही है। ये सरकार सिर्फ इसका राजनैतिक लाभ लेगी ये भूलकर कि इंडियन मुजाहिदीन के द्वारा हर प्रमुख शहरों में स्लीपर सेल्स आज भी ऑपरेट कर रहे है। इस अधिकारी का ये कहना है जब तक इस षड़यंत्र से जुड़े सारे दोषियों को नहीं सजा दी जाती, उस पूरे ढाँचे को ध्वस्त नहीं किया जाता जिसके आका पाकिस्तान में बैठे है तब तक एक कसाब के मरने से क्या होगा और अफ़सोस यही है कि इस सरकार ने पाकिस्तान पर कोई कारगर दवाब नहीं बनाया।
सो एक कसाब के मरने पर हम खुश क्यों है? इतना मुझे पता है कि इस आतंकवाद नाम के दानव को खत्म करने के लिए जिसको ईधन पाकिस्तान से मिलता है तब तक नहीं खत्म होगा जब तक इंदिरा गांधी जैसी बोल्ड राजनयिक का साथ जनरल सैम मानेकशा/ के पी एस गिल/जगमोहन जैसे कुशल अधिकारी के साथ गठजोड़ नहीं होता है। इस ढुलमुल नीति वाले सरकार जो एक घोटाले से दूसरे घोटाले तक बिन पैंदी के लोटे की तरह लुढ़क रही है इससें कोई क्या उम्मीद रखे? तब तक जनता जनार्दन ऐसे ही किसी हमले के लिए तैयार रहे। या फिर उस सरकार को चुने जो कसाबो और अफ्ज़लो को पनपने का मौका ही ना दे।
My previous article created sound and fury of unprecedented type and a serious attempt to understand the alienation of Muslim society and its inability to mix with the other societies in homogeneous way was labeled as propaganda, sponsored by CIA and Mossad. However, such knee and jerk reaction proves one thing quite well: Muslim societies prefer to remain frogs in the well. At the very outset, I wish to make it very clear that I am neither interested in hurting the religious sentiments of Muslims nor interested in painting them in wrong colour. However, here arrives the mother of all questions: Why the attempt to understand the elements involved in the making of Muslim mind creates so much anxiety within the Muslim world? Why an outsider is always prevented to understand them in free flowing manner and his/her efforts are viewed with suspicion? Why such efforts are perceived as an attempt to desecrate Islam? This exhibition of flawed hypersensitivity on part of Muslim minds, wherein efforts to understand them ultimately gets reduced to Jews/Christian vs Muslims thing of sort has left this author aghast. This narrow-mindedness is quite baffling in modern world, leading to another important consideration: Is Islamic ideology inherently flawed, which does not believe in expansion of societies based on other religions, and to prevent their expansion it’s not hesitant enough to give way to violent means? We need to travel back in the history to understand the Muslim mindset and for this very reason episodes from the Medieval Indian history are being presented to establish that Islamic ideology is not about harmonious living; it’s all about dominance of Islam.
It’s pretty interesting that forget outsiders, even the attempts of conscious minds, belonging to the Muslim world, like Salman Rushdie and Tasleema Nasrin face great resistance from rigid minds-the hardliners within the Muslim circles. Very recently, when Rushdie tried to attend a meeting organized in Jaipur, he was forced to cancel his visit at the last moment under pressure from various Muslim organizations. Ironically, they have no problem in hearing the lectures delivered by the likes of Dr.Zakir Naik, who has nothing to offer but brutal suppression of facts and twisted logic, which ultimately upholds supremacy of Allah. One also finds hard to ignore that they are in conflict with original inhabitants right from Spain to China. China, which kept itself above from nuisance created by the elements operating within the dangerous Muslim world, is now struggling hard to curb the negative Muslim forces. The recent violent demonstrations in Central Sydney, Australia, brings back in our memories the words of John Howard, former Australian PM, who had explicitly stated that”jihad and extreme attitudes towards women were two problems unique to Muslims that previous intakes of migrants from Europe did not have’. He had to make an appeal that Muslims have to abide by Australian mainstream values. “It is not a problem that we have ever faced with other immigrant communities who become easily absorbed by Australia’s mainstream.”
The Muslim world offers unique logic that it’s a small percentage of misguided people, who have given way to extremist philosophy.What they fail to explain or conveniently ignore is that these so-called small percentage has hugely bothered peaceful democratic nations across the globe,leading to formation of tough laws to keep Jihadi elements out of their society. For example, India is comprised of minorities which include people belonging to Buddhist and Parsi community but they never come in conflict with Indian mainstream society. However, when it comes to Muslim society, even the so-called liberal mind, Poet Iqbal, the composer of Saare Jahan Se Achha Hindustan Hamara (India is best in the world), played an active role in formation of Pakistan with help of Jinnah! The Indian historians like Romila Thapar, belonging to secular group, never fail to refer to Ganga-Jamuni Tehjeeb (merger of opposite cultures) but what they never bothered to explain why the same balanced approach, which talked of peaceful co-existence, did not prevent Jinnah from declaring that:”To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built up for the government of such a state.”
Well, it would be difficult to understand such a flawed mindset which refuses to honour the values prevalent in other societies, and instead tries to influence or topple it, unless we make a serious study of the Medieval History. The author is presenting episodes in Indian context only but that would be suffice to make any conscious reader gain perfect insight.
The Magnitude of Muslim Atrocities
(Ghazanavi to Amir Timur)
The world famous historian, Will Durant has written in his Story of Civilisation that “the Mohammedan conquest of India was probably the bloodiest story in history”.
India before the advent of Islamic imperialism was not exactly a zone of peace. There were plenty of wars fought by Hindu princes. But in all their wars, the Hindus had observed some time-honoured conventions sanctioned by the Sastras. The Brahmins and the Bhikshus were never molested. The cows were never killed. The temples were never touched. The chastity of women was never violated. The non-combatants were never killed or captured. A human habitation was never attacked unless it was a fort. The civil population was never plundered. War booty was an unknown item in the calculations of conquerors. The martial classes who clashed, mostly in open spaces, had a code of honor. Sacrifice of honor for victory or material gain was deemed as worse than death.
Islamic imperialism came with a different code–the Sunnah of the Prophet. It required its warriors to fall upon the helpless civil population after a decisive victory had been won on the battlefield. It required them to sack and burn down villages and towns after the defenders had died fighting or had fled. The cows, the Brahmins, and the Bhikshus invited their special attention in mass murders of non-combatants. The temples and monasteries were their special targets in an orgy of pillage and arson. Those whom they did not kill, they captured and sold as slaves. The magnitude of the booty looted even from the bodies of the dead, was a measure of the success of a military mission. And they did all this as mujahids (holy warriors) and ghazls (kafir-killers) in the service of Allah and his Last Prophet.
Hindus found it very hard to understand the psychology of this new invader. For the first time in their history, Hindus were witnessing a scene which was described by Kanhadade Prabandha (1456 AD) in the following words:
“The conquering army burnt villages, devastated the land, plundered people’s wealth, took Brahmins and children and women of all classes captive, flogged with thongs of raw hide, carried a moving prison with it, and converted the prisoners into obsequious Turks.”
That was written in remembrance of Alauddin Khalji’s invasion of Gujarat in the year l298 AD. But the gruesome game had started three centuries earlier when Mahmud Ghaznavi had vowed to invade India every year in order to destroy idolatry, kill the kafirs, capture prisoners of war, and plunder vast wealth for which India was well-known.
MAHMUD AND MASOOD GHAZNAVI
In 1000 AD Mahmud defeated Raja Jaipal, a scion of the Hindu Shahiya dynasty of Kabul. This dynasty had been for long the doorkeeper of India in the Northwest. Mahmud collected 250,000 dinars as indemnity. That perhaps was normal business of an empire builder. But in 1004 AD he stormed Bhatiya and plundered the place. He stayed there for some time to convert the Hindus to Islam with the help of mullahs he had brought with him.
In 1008 AD he captured Nagarkot (Kangra). The loot amounted to 70,000,000 dirhams in coins and 700,400 mans of gold and silver, besides plenty of precious stones and embroidered cloths. In 1011 AD he plundered Thanesar which was undefended, destroyed many temples, and broke a large number of idols. The chief idol, that of Chakraswamin, was taken to Ghazni and thrown into the public square for defilement under the feet of the faithful. According to Tarikh-i-Yamini of Utbi, Mahmud’s secretary,
“The blood of the infidels flowed so copiously [at Thanesar] that the stream was discolored, notwithstanding its purity, and people were unable to drink it. The Sultan returned with plunder which is impossible to count. Praise he to Allah for the honor he bestows on Islam and Muslims.”
In 1013 AD Mahmud advanced against Nandana where the Shahiya king, Anandapal, had established his new capital. The Hindus fought very hard but lost. Again, the temples were destroyed, and innocent citizens slaughtered. Utbi provides an account of the plunder and the prisoners of war:
“The Sultan returned in the rear of immense booty, and slaves were so plentiful that they became very cheap and men of respectability in their native land were degraded by becoming slaves of common shopkeepers. But this is the goodness of Allah, who bestows honor on his own religion and degrades infidelity.”
The road was now clear for an assault on the heartland of Hindustan. In December 1018 AD Mahmud crossed the Yamuna, collected 1,000,000 dirhams from Baran (Bulandshahar), and marched to Mahaban in Mathura district. Utbi records:
“The infidels…deserted the fort and tried to cross the foaming river…but many of them were slain, taken or drowned… Nearly fifty thousand men were killed.”
Mathura was the next victim. Mahmud seized five gold idols weighing 89,300 missals and 200 silver idols. According to Utbi, “The Sultan gave orders that all the temples should be burnt with naptha and fire, and levelled with the ground.” The pillage of the city continued for 20 days. Mahmud now turned towards Kanauj which had been the seat of several Hindu dynasties. Utbi continues: “In Kanauj there were nearly ten thousand temples… Many of the inhabitants of the place fled in consequence of witnessing the fate of their deaf and dumb idols. Those who did not fly were put to death. The Sultan gave his soldiers leave to plunder and take prisoners.”
The Brahmins of Munj, which was attacked next, fought to the last man after throwing their wives and children into fire. The fate of Asi was sealed when its ruler took fright and fled. According to Utbi, “…. the Sultan ordered that his five forts should be demolished from their foundations, the inhabitants buried in their ruins, and the soldiers of the garrison plundered, slain and captured”.
Shrawa, the next important place to be invaded, met the same fate. Utbi concludes:
“The Muslims paid no regard to the booty till they had satiated themselves with the slaughter of the infidels and worshipers of sun and fire. The friends of Allah searched the bodies of the slain for three days in order to obtain booty…The booty amounted in gold and silver, rubies and pearls nearly to three hundred thousand dirhams, and the number of prisoners may be conceived from the fact that each was sold for two to ten dirhams. These were afterwards taken to Ghazni and merchants came from distant cities to purchase them, so that the countries of Mawaraun-Nahr, Iraq and Khurasan were filled with them, and the fair and the dark, the rich and the poor, were commingled in one common slavery.”
Mahmud’s sack of Somnath is too well-known to be retold here. What needs emphasizing is that the fragments of the famous Sivalinga were carried to Ghazni. Some of them were turned into steps of the Jama Masjid in that city. The rest were sent to Mecca, Medina, and Baghdad to be desecrated in the same manner.
Mahmud’s son Masud tried to follow in the footsteps of his father. In 1037 AD he succeeded in sacking the fort of Hansi which was defended very bravely by the Hindus. The Tarikh-us-Subuktigin records: “The Brahmins and other high ranking men were slain, and their women and children were carried away captive, and all the treasure which was found was distributed among the army.”
Masud could not repeat the performance due to his preoccupations elsewhere.
MUHAMMAD GHORI AND HIS LEUTENANTS
Invasion of India by Islamic imperialism was renewed by Muhmmad Ghori in the last quarter of the 12th century. After Prithiviraj Chauhan had been defeated in 1192 AD, Ghori took Ajmer by assault.
According the Taj-ul-Ma’sir of Hasan Nizami, “While the Sultan remained at Ajmer, he destroyed the pillars and foundations of the idol temples and built in their stead mosques and colleges and precepts of Islam, and the customs of the law were divulged and established.”
Next year he defeated Jayachandra of Kanauj. A general massacre, rapine, and pillage followed. The Gahadvad treasuries at Asni and Varanasi were plundered. Hasan Nizami rejoices that “in Benares which is the centre of the country of Hind, they destroyed one thousand temples and raised mosques on their foundations”.
According to Kamil-ut-Tawarikh of Ibn Asir, “The slaughter of Hindus (at Varanasi) was immense; none were spared except women and children, and the carnage of men went on until the earth was weary.”
The women and children were spared so that they could be enslaved and sold all over the Islamic world. It may be added that the Buddhist complex at Sarnath was sacked at this time, and the Bhikshus were slaughtered.
Ghori’s lieutenant Qutbuddin Aibak was also busy meanwhile. Hasan Nizami writes that after the suppression of a Hindu revolt at Kol (modern day Aligarh) in 1193 AD, Aibak raised “three bastions as high as heaven with their heads, and their carcases became food for beasts of prey. The tract was freed from idols and idol worship and the foundations of infidelism were destroyed.”
In 1194 AD Aibak destroyed 27 Hindu temples at Delhi and built the Quwwat-ul-lslam mosque with their debris. According to Nizami, Aibak “adorned it with the stones and gold obtained from the temples which had been demolished by elephants”.
In 1195 AD the Mher tribe of Ajmer rose in revolt, and the Chaulukyas of Gujarat came to their assistance. Aibak had to invite reinforcements from Ghazni before he could meet the challenge. In 1196 AD he advanced against Anahilwar Patan, the capital of Gujarat. Nizami writes that after Raja Karan was defeated and forced to flee, “fifty thousand infidels were dispatched to hell by the sword” and “more than twenty thousand slaves, and cattle beyond all calculation fell into the hands of the victors”.
The city was sacked, its temples demolished, and its palaces plundered. On his return to Ajmer, Aibak destroyed the Sanskrit College of Visaladeva, and laid the foundations of a mosque which came to be known as ‘Adhai Din ka Jhompada’.
Conquest of Kalinjar in 1202 AD was Aibak’s crowning achievement. Nizami concludes: “The temples were converted into mosques… Fifty thousand men came under the collar of slavery and the plain became black as pitch with Hindus.”
A free-lance adventurer, Muhammad Bakhtyar Khalji, was moving further east. In 1200 AD he sacked the undefended university town of Odantpuri in Bihar and massacred the Buddhist monks in the monasteries. In 1202 AD he took Nadiya by surprise. Badauni records in his Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh that “property and booty beyond computation fell into the hands of the Muslims and Muhammad Bakhtyar having destroyed the places of worship and idol temples of the infidels founded mosques and Khanqahs”.
THE SLAVE (MAMLUK) SULTANS
Shamsuddin Iltutmish who succeeded Aibak at Delhi invaded Malwa in 1234 AD. He destroyed an ancient temple at Vidisha. Badauni reports in his ‘Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh’:
“Having destroyed the idol temple of Ujjain which had been built six hundred years previously, and was called Mahakal, he levelled it to its foundations, and threw down the image of Rai Vikramajit from whom the Hindus reckon their era, and brought certain images of cast molten brass and placed them on the ground in front of the doors of mosques of old Delhi, and ordered the people of trample them under foot.”
Muslim power in India suffered a serious setback after Iltutmish. Balkan had to battle against a revival of Hindu power. The Katehar Rajputs of what came to be known as Rohilkhand in later history, had so far refused to submit to Islamic imperialism. Balkan led an expedition across the Ganges in 1254 AD. According to Badauni,
“In two days after leaving Delhi, he arrived in the midst of the territory of Katihar and put to death every male, even those of eight years of age, and bound the women.”
But in spite of such wanton cruelty, Muslim power continued to decline till the Khaljis revived it after 1290 AD.
Jalaluddin Khalji led an expedition to Ranthambhor in 1291 AD. On the way he destroyed Hindu temples at Chain. The broken idols were sent to Delhi to be spread before the gates of the Jama Masjid. His nephew Alauddin led an expedition to Vidisha in 1292 AD. According to Badauni in Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh, Alauddin “brought much booty to the Sultan and the idol which was the object of worship of the Hindus, he caused to be cast in front of the Badaun gate to be trampled upon by the people. The services of Alauddin were highly appreciated, the jagir of Oudh (or Avadh – Central U.P.) also was added to his other estates.”
Alauddin became Sultan in 1296 AD after murdering his uncle and father-in-law, Jalaluddin. In 1298 AD he equipped an expedition to Gujarat under his generals Ulugh Khan and Nusrat Khan. The invaders plundered the ports of Surat and Cambay. The temple of Somnath, which had been rebuilt by the Hindus, was plundered and the idol taken to Delhi for being trodden upon by the Muslims. The whole region was subjected to fire and sword, and Hindus were slaughtered en masse. Kampala Devi, the queen of Gujarat, was captured along with the royal treasury, brought to Delhi and forced into Alauddin’s harem. The doings of the Malik Naib during his expedition to South India in 1310-1311 AD have already mentioned in earlier parts.
Muslim power again suffered a setback after the death of Alauddin Khalji in 1316 AD. But it was soon revived by the Tughlaqs. By now most of the famous temples over the length and breadth of the Islamic occupation in India had been demolished, except in Orissa and Rajasthan which had retained their independence. By now most of the rich treasuries had been plundered and shared between the Islamic state and its swordsmen. Firuz Shah Tughlaq led an expedition to Orissa in 1360 AD. He destroyed the temple of Jagannath at Puri, and desecrated many other Hindu shrines. According to ‘Sirat-i-Firoz Shahi’ which he himself wrote or dictated,
“Allah who is the only true God and has no other emanation, endowed the king of Islam with the strength to destroy this ancient shrine on the eastern sea-coast and to plunge it into the sea, and after its destruction he ordered the image of Jagannath to be perforated, and disgraced it by casting it down on the ground. They dug out other idols which were worshipped by the polytheists in the kingdom of Jajnagar and overthrew them as they did the image of Jagannath, for being laid in front of the mosques along the path of the Sunnis and the way of the ‘musallis’ (Muslim congregation for namaz) and stretched them in front of the portals of every mosque, so that the body and sides of the images might be trampled at the time of ascent and descent, entrance and exit, by the shoes on the feet of the Muslims.”
After the sack of the temples in Orissa, Firoz Shah Tughlaq attacked an island on the sea-coast where “nearly 100,000 men of Jajnagar had taken refuge with their women, children, kinsmen and relations”. The swordsmen of Islam turned “the island into a basin of blood by the massacre of the unbelievers”.
A worse fate overtook the Hindu women. Sirat-i-Firuz Shahs records: “Women with babies and pregnant ladies were haltered, manacled, fettered and enchained, and pressed as slaves into service in the house of every soldier.”
Still more horrible scenes were enacted by Firuz Shah Tughlaq at Nagarkot (Kangra) where he sacked the shrine of Jvalamukhi. Firishta records that the Sultan “broke the idols of Jvalamukhi, mixed their fragments with the flesh of cows and hung them in nose bags round the necks of Brahmins. He sent the principal idol as trophy to Medina.”
THE PROVINCIAL MUSLIM SATRAPS
In 1391 AD the Muslims of Gujarat complained to Nasiruddin Muhammad, the Tughlaq Sultan of Delhi, that the local governor, Kurhat-ul-Mulk, was practising tolerance towards the Hindus. The Sultan immediately appointed Muzzaffar Khan as the new Governor. He became independent after the death of the Delhi Sultan and assumed the title of Muzzaffar Shah in 1392 AD. Next year he led an expidition to Somnath and sacked the temple which the Hindus had built once again. He killed many Hindus to chastise them for this “impudence,” and raised a mosque on the site of the ancient temple. The Hindus, however, restarted restoring the temple soon after. In 1401 AD Muzaffar came back with a huge army. He again killed many Hindus, demolished the temple once more, and erected another mosque.
Muzaffar was succeeded by his grandson, Ahmad Shah, in 1411 AD. Three years later Ahmad appointed a special darogah to destroy all temples throughout Gujarat. In 1415 AD Ahmad invaded Sidhpur where he destroyed the images in Rudramahalaya, and converted the grand temple into a mosque. Sidhpur was renamed Sayyadpur.
Mahmud Begrha who became the Sultan of Gujarat in 1458 AD was the worst fanatic of this dynasty. One of his vassals was the Mandalika of Junagadh who had never withheld the regular tribute. Yet in 1469 AD Mahmud invaded Junagadh. In reply to the Mandalika’s protests, Mahmud said that he was not interested in money as much as in the spread of Islam. The Mandalika was forcibly converted to Islam and Junagadh was renamed Mustafabad. In 1472 AD Mahmud attacked Dwarka, destroyed the local temples, and plundered the city. Raja Jaya Singh, the ruler of Champaner, and his minister were murdered by Mahmud in cold blood for refusing to embrace Islam after they had been defeated and their country pillaged and plundered. Champaner was renamed Mahmudabad.
Mahmud Khalji of Malwa (1436-69 AD) also destroyed Hindu temples and built mosques on their sites. He heaped many more insults on the Hindus. Ilyas Shah of Bengal (1339-1379 AD) invaded Nepal and destroyed the temple of Svayambhunath at Kathmandu. He also invaded Orissa, demolished many temples, and plundered many places. The Bahmani sultans of Gulbarga and Bidar considered it meritorious to kill a hundred thousand Hindu men, women, and children every year. They demolished and desecrated temples all over South India.
The climax came during the invasion of Timur in 1399 AD. He starts by quoting the Quran in his Tuzk-i-Timuri: “O Prophet, make war upon the infidels and unbelievers, and treat them severely.”
He continues: “My great object in invading Hindustan had been to wage a religious war against the infidel Hindus…[so that] the army of Islam might gain something by plundering the wealth and valuables of the Hindus.” To start with he stormed the fort of Kator on the border of Kashmir. He ordered his soldiers “to kill all the men, to make prisoners of women and children, and to plunder and lay waste all their property”. Next, he “directed towers to be built on the mountain of the skulls of those obstinate unbelievers”. Soon after, he laid siege to Bhatnir defended by Rajputs. They surrendered after some fight, and were pardoned. But Islam did not bind Timur to keep his word given to the “unbelievers”. His Tuzk-i-Timuri records:
“In a short space of time all the people in the fort were put to the sword, and in the course of one hour the heads of 10,000 infidels were cut off. The sword of Islam was washed in the blood of the infidels, and all the goods and effects, the treasure and the grain which for many a long year had been stored in the fort became the spoil of my soldiers. They set fire to the houses and reduced them to ashes, and they razed the buildings and the fort to the ground.”
At Sarsuti, the next city to be sacked, “all these infidel Hindus were slain, their wives and children were made prisoners and their property and goods became the spoil of the victors”. Timur was now moving through (modern day) Haryana, the land of the Jats. He directed his soldiers to “plunder and destroy and kill every one whom they met”. And so the soldiers “plundered every village, killed the men, and carried a number of Hindu prisoners, both male and female”.
Loni which was captured before he arrived at Delhi was predominantly a Hindu town. But some Muslim inhabitants were also taken prisoners. Timur ordered that “the Musulman prisoners should be separated and saved, but the infidels should all be dispatched to hell with the proselytizing sword”.
By now Timur had captured 100,000 Hindus. As he prepared for battle against the Tughlaq army after crossing the Yamuna, his Amirs advised him “that on the great day of battle these 100,000 prisoners could not be left with the baggage, and that it would be entirely opposed to the rules of war to set these idolators and enemies of Islam at liberty”. Therefore, “no other course remained but that of making them all food for the sword”.
“I proclaimed throughout the camp that every man who had infidel prisoners should put them to death, and whoever neglected to do so should himself be executed and his property given to the informer. When this order became known to the ghazis of Islam, they drew their swords and put their prisoners to death. One hundred thousand infidels, impious idolators, were on that day slain. Maulana Nasiruddin Umar, a counselor and man of learning, who, in all his life, had never killed a sparrow, now, in execution of my order, slew with his sword fifteen idolatrous Hindus, who were his captives.”
The Tughlaq army was defeated in the battle that ensued next day. Timur entered Delhi and learnt that a “great number of Hindus with their wives and children, and goods and valuables, had come into the city from all the country round”.
He directed his soldiers to seize these Hindus and their property. Tuzk-i-Timuri concludes:
“Many of them (Hindus) drew their swords and resisted…The flames of strife were thus lighted and spread through the whole city from Jahanpanah and Siri to Old Delhi, burning up all it reached. The Hindus set fire to their houses with their own hands, burned their wives and children in them and rushed into the fight and were killed…On that day, Thursday, and all the night of Friday, nearly 15,000 Turks were engaged in slaying, plundering and destroying. When morning broke on Friday, all my army …went off to the city and thought of nothing but killing, plundering and making prisoners….The following day, Saturday the 17th, all passed in the same way, and the spoil was so great.that each man secured from fifty to a hundred prisoners, men, women, and children. There was no man who took less than twenty. The other booty was immense in rubies, diamonds, garnets, pearls, and other gems and jewels; ashrafis, tankas of gold and silver of the celebrated Alai coinage: vessels of gold and silver; and brocades and silks of great value. Gold and silver ornaments of Hindu women were obtained in such quantities as to exceed all account. Excepting the quarter of the Saiyids, the Ulama and the other Musulmans, the whole city was sacked.”
लेखक को भारतीय समाज में बड़ी संदेह की नज़रो से देखा जाता है. मेरा तो ये मानना था ही पर अरुंधती रॉय का भी ऐसा ही मानना है ये मुझे ना मालुम था. वो तो मैंने गलती से उनके एक भाषण का अंश सुन लिया तो देखा वो रोना रो रही थी अमेरिका में कि साहब भारत में तो हम जैसे लेखको को लिखने बोलने की आज़ादी ही नहीं है. कश्मीर में कितना अत्याचार हो रहा है और हमको इसके बारे में तो कुछ बोलने ही नहीं दिया जा रहा है. उनकी बात सुन के तो गुस्सा आ ही रहा था पर उस सें ज्यादा इस बात पे गुस्सा आ रहा था कि इतने बड़े बकवास को अमेरिकन कितने मगन होके सुन रहे थें. अच्छे लेखको को तो कोई नहीं सुन रहा पर अरुंधती राय जो तथ्यों को तोड़ मरोड़कर सफ़ेद झूठ का पुलिंदा तैयार करती है उसके बहुत से ग्राहक विदेशो में पड़े है. नाम, पैसा और शोहरत सब इनके पास है.
खैर मै अपनी बात पे आता हूँ. इस बात से मुझे बहुत संतोष मिला कि अपने कुछ एक कर्मो की वजह से भारतीय समाज में असम्मानीय और अप्रासंगिक से हो चले गंभीर लेखको की इज्ज़त में चार चाँद लग गया. मतलब मेहनतकश भारतीय सोसाइटी में पलने बढ़ने वाला ये निरीह जीव भी अगर ढेला फेंके तो ढेला सीधा मंगल ग्रह तक पहुच सकता है. यानी इनके भी कर्म रंग ला सकते है. इसके लिए मै अपने आलोचक भाई बंधुओ और आलोचक बहनों को विशेष धन्यवाद देना चाहूँगा कि समय समय पर अपनी बेकार की ”भौकन क्रिया” से मतलब अपनी निरर्थक आलोचना से मेरे प्रभाव का वैलेऊ एडिशन (value addition) करते रहते है. सितम्बर चार,२०१२, को अपने काले कोट को ध्यान में रखते हुए एक प्रतिष्ठित वेबसाइट पे माननीय जस्टिस भक्तवत्सला के समर्थन में एक याचिका पर अपने हस्ताक्षर किये जिसमे ये मांग की गयी थी कि माननीय जस्टिस भक्तवत्सला के सराहनीय योगदान को देखते हुए इनके प्रमोशन पे विचार किया जाए. जैसा कि होता है वेबसाइट पे मेरे नाम से एक सन्देश का एक नोट आया कि आपको अपने समर्थन के लिए धन्यवाद दिया जाता है. पर मुझे पता नहीं था कि इस के बाद क्या गुल खिलने वाला था.
खैर इस याचिका में ये कहा गया था कि ”नारीवाद से संचालित (मेरे लिए तो नारीवाद से पीड़ित) इस भारत देश में माननीय जस्टिस भक्तवत्सला का काम सराहनीय है क्योकि अदालतों में व्याप्त नारीवादी तंत्र को धता बताकर पति पत्नी के मामलो को वाकई विवेक की रौशनी में निर्णीत करना लोहे के चने चबाने के बराबर है. माननीय न्यायधीश ने पुरुष विरोधी भारतीय मीडिया को चेताते हुएँ और नारीवादी विचारधारा को प्रभावहीन करते हुएँ ऐतहासिक निर्णय दिए है. इनके योगदान को नज़रंदाज़ करना संभव नहीं जिसकी वजह से सेक्शन ४९८ (a) का दुरुपयोग बिल्कुल कम हो गया जो कि महत्त्वपूर्ण उपलब्धि है. इस वजह से इस सेक्शन के तहत दायर फर्जी मुकदमो से प्रताड़ित पतियों को काफी राहत मिली है जिनसे इनके आत्महत्या आदि घटनाओं में काफी कमी आई है. ये सर्वविदित है कि इस सेक्शन के तहत दायर फर्जी मुकदमो की बाढ़ ने पतियों की आत्महत्या दर में काफी इजाफा किया है. भारत में इस तरह के क्रान्तिकारी सोच रखने वाले न्यायधीशो की सख्त कमी है और इस याचिका के जरिए ये अपील की जाती है कि इस तरह के न्यायधीशो में वृद्धि हो और माननीय जस्टिस भक्तवत्सला का प्रमोशन सुनिश्चित किया जाए.”
अभी मैंने इस याचिका पर हस्ताक्षर किया ही था कि एक अन्य प्रतिष्ठित ऑनलाइन मैगजीन काफिला ने कुछ ही घंटो के बाद जोर शोर से माननीय जस्टिस भक्तवत्सला को हटाने के लिए अभियान शुरू कर दिया. ये बताना जरूरी हो जाता है कि इस ऑनलाइन मैगजीन में मै अपनी उपस्थिति अपनी प्रतिक्रियाओ के माध्यम से दर्ज करता रहा हूँ. मै इसका कुछ और मतलब नहीं निकालूँगा सिवाय इसके कि जब भी आप अच्छा करने चलते है एक आंधी आपके खिलाफ चलने लगती है. बहरहाल इस याचिका में क्या कहा गया है ये जानना जरूरी है. इस याचिका में ये मांग की गयी है कि ” जस्टिस भक्तवत्सला ने भारतीय संविधान जिसकी रक्षा की शपथ उन्होंने ली है, जो कि समस्त नागरिको, स्त्री और पुरुष, सबको बराबर का अधिकार देता है का गहरा अनादर किया है. इस वजह से ये अब इस अति महत्त्वपूर्ण पद के दायित्व निर्वाहन के अयोग्य साबित हो गए है. इस याचिका पे हस्ताक्षर के जरिए भारत के प्रधान न्यायधीश माननीय जस्टिस श्री एस एच कपाडिया से अनुरोध है कि जस्टिस के भक्तवत्सला को अपने विवादास्पद बयानों की वजह से उनके पद से तुरंत हटाया जाए.”
मैंने दोनों पक्ष पाठको के सामने रख दिया. बाकी आप सम्मानित पाठकगण जाने. अब आप लोग समझे बुझे कि इसमें सही-गलत, उचित-अनुचित क्या है. मै तो एक बार फिर इस धरा के सबसे निरीह जीव लेखक के बारे में सोचने लग गया हूँ. अभी तो इस बात से खुश हूँ कि मेरे आलोचकों ने मेरी कलम को एक नयी उंचाई दे दी, लेखकीय यात्रा में एक नया अध्याय जोड़ दिया. कम से कम इतना तो साबित हुआ कि जब एक लेखक की कलम से बात निकलती है तो वो सिर्फ दूर तक ही नहीं जाती बल्कि देर सबेर असर भी लाती है. साथ साथ इस चिंतन से माथे में बल पड़ गया है कि आप ने जरा सी चिंगारी क्या पैदा की कि अन्धकार रूपी बारिश उसें बुझाने के लिए बरसने लग जाती है. इस देश में ऐसा कब तक होता रहेगा मित्रो ?